Russian Words We Use To Refer to People

We use different types of words when talking about people in Russian: man, woman, girl, old man, person, folk, etc. We choose the appropriate word epending on the gender, age and other things. When we talk about people in general, we also have a variety of vocabulary to choose from.

So, let’s find out how we say all these words in Russian.

Gender (пол)

Words for Males

мужчина [mushcheena] – man

молодой мужчина – young man

пожилой мужчина – old man

мужик [muzhik] – man (usually strong, big, a redneck or just any dude) [informal]

мужик in Russian

парень [paryen’] – boy, young man, guy, lad

мальчик [mal’chik] – boy, male child

маленький мальчик – little boy

старик [stareek], дед [dyed] – old man [informal]

Words for Females

женщина [zhenshchina] – woman

молодая женщина – young woman

пожилая женщина – old woman

баба [baba] – woman (usually big and strong, redneck)

баба in Russian

девушка [dyevushka] – girl, young woman

молодая девушка – young girl

девочка [dyevochka] – girl, female child (but women at any age can call themselves “девочки”)

маленькая девочка – little girl

старуха [starukha], бабка [bapka] – old woman [informal, slightly rude]

старушка [starushka], бабушка [babushka] – old woman [informal]

Gender words in Russian

See Also: 30 Russian Adjectives to Describe Personality

Stages of Life

We use the following words to refer to people of different ages:

младенец [mladyenyets] – baby

ребёнок [ryebyonak] – child

подросток [padrostak] – teenager

взрослый [vzrosliy] – adult

пожилой человек [pazhiloy chilavyek] – elderly man

Stages of life in Russian

General Words for People and Person

люди [lyudee] – people [only plural]

Сегодня многие люди ищут работу в интернете. – Many people today search for jobs on the internet.

Там было много людей. – There were a lot of people there.

У многих людей есть артрит, но они не чувствуют боли. – Many people have arthritis and don’t have pain.

Большинство людей думают, что они знают, чего хотят. – Most people think they know what they want.

человек [chilavyek] – man/human/person [only singular]

молодой человек – young man

молодые люди – young people

Человек is singular but can be used with numbers and the word “несколько”:

  • два человека (two people)
  • 5 человек (five people)
  • 10 человек (ten people)
  • 35 человек (35 people)
  • несколько человек (a number of people/several people)

We don’t say “10 людей” or “5 людей”. As well as “много человек” (many people) is gramatically incorrect, though you can hear it in informal speech. But you should say “много людей” if you want to sound right.

Человеки (plural) is incorrect!

личность [leechnast’] – person, individual

сильная личность – strong personality/person

Ребёнок начинает осознавать себя как личность. – The child begins to become aware of himself as a person.

Я самая самодостаточная личность на Земле. – I’m the most self-sufficient person on Earth.

индивидуум [eendeeveeduum] – individual, person

Один и тот же индивидуум может обладать противоречивыми чертами. – A single individual can embody conflicting traits.

народ [narot] – people, folk, nation

Невозможно победить народ, которому нечего терять. – There is no way to win against people who have nothing left to lose.

Хороший человек не предаёт свой народ. – A good man does not betray his own people.

общество [obshchyestva] – society

человечество [chyelavyechyestva] – humanity, mankind

Более ста лет человечество широкомасштабно использует электрическую энергию. – For more than a hundred years, mankind has been using electrical energy widely.

Вся мудрость человечества собрана в книгах. – The accumulated wisdom of mankind is to be found in books.

Let’s repeat the words we’ve just learned:

Words for people in russian

These are the most common words for people and person that you should know.

See Also: How to describe people’s appearance in Russian

Here’s the video for you if you want to hear the pronunciation of each word:

Have some questions on the topic? Leave a comment below!