Expand Your Vocabulary: Essential Russian Spring Words

Close your eyes and imagine… the warm sun on your skin, the sweet scent of blooming flowers, and the joyful melodies of birdsong. This is spring!

Spring in Russia officially begins on March 1st. However, in reality, the weather is still cold during this month, and the snow doesn’t melt quickly. It’s only towards the end of March that you can truly feel the arrival of spring.

But how do you express this experience in Russian? This article will equip you with essential vocabulary and descriptive phrases to paint a picture of spring in your conversations and writing.

General Vocabulary

The Russian language bursts into bloom with vivid vocabulary that captures the beauty and joy of spring.

Here is a list of general vocabulary on the topic of spring:

весна́ – spring

весéнний – spring (adjective)

весéнние мéсяцы (spring months) : март, апрель, май – March, April, May.

теплó – warmth

сóлнце – sun

дождь – rain

снег – snow

мóкрый снег – wet snow

потеплéние – warming

весéнняя погода – spring weather

óттепель – thaw

пробуждéние – awakening

ростóк – sprout

та́яние – melting, the act of snow and ice melting

капéль – drops of melting icicles

цветóк – flower

лист – leaf

трава́ – grass

тюльпáн – tulip

одувáнчик – dandelion

подсне́жник – snowdrop

Russian Spring Words


таять – to melt

растаять – to melt completely

распускаться – to bloom

просыпаться – to wake up

прилетать – to fly in

Перелетные птицы прилетают с юга. – Migratory birds fly in from the south.

зеленеть – to turn green

течь – to flow

журчать – to gurgle

пахнуть – to smell

капать – to drip

сажать – to plant

The imperfective verb таять is used to describe the process of melting, which is gradual and ongoing.


Снег тает под тёплым солнцем. – The snow melts under the warm sun.

Лёд на реке тает. – The ice on the river is melting.

The perfective verb растаять is used to describe the completion of the process of melting. For example:

Снег уже растаял. – The snow has already melted.

Лёд на реке растаял. – The ice on the river has melted completely.

The imperfective verb зеленеть is used to describe the process of turning green, which is gradual and ongoing. For example:

Трава зеленеет на лугах. – The grass is turning green in the meadows.

Деревья зеленеют. – The trees are turning green.

The imperfective verb распускаться is used to describe the process of blooming. For example:

Цветы распускаются на деревьях. – Flowers are blooming on the trees.

The perfective verb распуститься is used to describe the completion of the process of blooming. For example:

Бутоны роз распустились. – The rose buds have bloomed completely.

The verb цвести is used to describe the state of being in bloom. For example:

Цветы цветут весной. – Flowers bloom in spring.

Сад цветёт. – The garden is in bloom.

blooming tree

Phrases that describe spring

Spring paints the world with vibrant colors, awakens the senses with fresh scents, and fills the air with the melody of birdsong. Capturing the essence of this season goes beyond simply listing vocabulary; it requires evocative language that paints a picture in the reader’s mind.

Here are some descriptive phrases in Russian that bring the beauty and spirit of spring to life:

пение птиц – birdsong

журчание ручьёв – murmuring of streams

первые листья – first leaves

ранние цветы – early flowers

весенняя капель – spring drip (melting icicles)

тёплое солнышко – warm sun

тёплый ветер – warm wind

ясное небо – clear sky

весеннее настроение – spring mood (uplifted and joyful)

тает снег – snow melts

день становится длиннее – the day becomes longer

на деревьях появляются почки – buds appear on trees

трава зеленеет – grass turns green

цветёт сирень – lilacs bloom

природа пробуждается – nature awakens

Пришла весна. – Spring has arrived.

Test Example

If you want to know how to talk about spring in Russian, here’s a short text for you.

Весна пришла!

Птицы поют свои звонкие песни, приветствуя теплое солнце. Снег тает, уступая место сочной зелёной траве. На деревьях распускаются цветы, а воздух наполняется ароматом свежести.

Люди переодеваются в лёгкую одежду и начинают больше времени проводить на улице. Весна – это время надежды, радости и новых начинаний.

English Translation:

Spring has Arrived! 

Birds sing their cheerful songs, welcoming the warm sun. Snow melts, giving way to juicy green grass. Flowers are blooming on the trees and the air is filled with the scent of freshness.

People change into light clothing and start spending more time outdoors. Spring is a time of hope, joy, and new beginnings.

Spring in Russia

The arrival of spring is a long-awaited occasion in Russia after the harsh, dark winter. But in this vast country, the season’s start can fluctuate greatly depending on the region.

Despite regional differences, Russians nationwide eagerly soak up the sights and sounds of nature renewing itself after months of ice and snow. One of the first signs of spring is the appearance of подснежники (snowdrops), blossoming even while the cold ground is still blanketed in white. Their emergence signals the end of winter is near. By early April, trees like birch fill the air with a sweet, earthy aroma as their sap starts to flow.

As the ice melts and gives way to rushing streams and rivers, Russians rejoice at the sound, which was muffled all winter long. The calls of songbirds fill the air as they return from their southern migrations. Their cheerful songs are a reminder that dormant nature is reawakening.

Spring also brings less welcome changes – potholes and dirt as snows thaw, causing problems on roads and sidewalks. But most Russians tolerate the mud and puddles gladly, preferring it over bitter cold. Parks and gardens come alive with people eager for some fresh air and exercise after being cooped up indoors. They soak up the vitamin D, stroll under flower-laden trees, let children run freely, and enjoy slowly warming temperatures after bitter cold.

lilac bush
Lilac is an extremely common shrub in Russia that blooms in May

Spring inspiration blooms everywhere – in the works of artists like Kandinsky and Chagall, Tchaikovsky’s musical scores, and Tolstoy’s pastoral writing. The creative spirit awakens along with the land. For Russians, spring is a long-cherished season of hope, renewal, and the simple joys of natural beauty come alive again.

The changing of the seasons is deeply embedded in Russian culture, and reflected in its flexible and expressive language. As Maslenitsa’s pancakes are cooked and Lent begins, Russians have an extensive vocabulary to describe the sights, sounds, and rituals of spring.

Learning these unique Russian springtime words and phrases will add color and life to how you experience and discuss this awakening of nature and culture.

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