Geographic Terms and Types of Landscapes in Russian

Landscapes and places on Earth are also part of vocabulary used in daily life. In this post, we’ll be learning them.

To make the lesson more beautiful, I suggest watching this video first. It’s an audiovisual dictionary that will make learning process much easier.

Here’s the list of the landscape terms and place names:

ручей [roochyey] – brook, stream

река [rika] – river

пруд [proot] – pond

озеро [ozyera] – lake

море [morye]- sea

океан [akyean] – ocean

залив [zaleef] – gulf

водопад [vadapat] – waterfall

берег [byeryek] – bank; shore, coast

пляж [plyazh]- beach

лес [lyes] – forest, woodland

роща [roshcha] – grove

бор [bor] – pine forest (also: сосновый лес)

тайга [tayga] – taiga

чаща [chasha], заросли [zaraslee]- thicket

тропический лес [trapeechyeskiy lyes] – rainforest

джунгли [djunglee]- jungle

поляна [palyana] – glade

поле [polye] – field

луг [look] – meadow

степь [styep’] – steppe

саванна [savana] – savanna

пустыня [poostinya] – desert

болото [balota]- marsh, bog

тундра [tundra] – tundra

ледник [lyedneek] – glacier

See also: City Vocabulary in Russian

гора [gara] – mountain (pl. горы)

скала – rock, cliff

утёс – cliff

холмы [halmi] – hills

овраг [avrak] – ravine, gully

равнина [ravneena] – plain

плоскогорье [plaskagor’ye] – tableland

вулкан [voolkan] – volcano

кратер [krater] – crater

долина [daleena] – valley

лагуна [lagoona] – lagoon

остров [ostrav] – island

полуостров – peninsula

архипелаг – archipelago

город [gorat]- city

дорога [daroga] – road

деревня [dyeryevnya], село [silo] – village

сельская местность [syel’skaya myestnast’] – countryside, rural area

сельскохозяйственный район [syelskahazyaystvyeniy rayon] – farmland

обрыв [abriv] – precipice

прерия [pryereeya] – prairie

каньон [kanyon] – canyon

зыбучий песок [ziboocheey pisok] – quicksand

канал [kanal] – canal

приток [preetok] – tributary

дамба [damba] – dam

пещера [pishchyera] – cave

мыс [mis] – headland

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